miwahni (miwahni) wrote,
miwahni
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Holocaust

Yesterday was the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz in southern Poland by Soviet armed forces. The following was taken from an article in last weekend's Australian Financial Review, written by Michael Darby whose grandparents both perished at the camp.


What happened at Auschwitz was that the German Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler killed more than 1 million people in cold blood as part of the calculated campaign of extermination that is now called the Holocaust. In Hebrew it is called the Shoah, or catastrophe.
The dead at Auschwitz included 150,000 non-Jewish Poles, 23,000 Gypsies, 15,000 Soviet prisoners-of-war and more than 10,000 other non-Jewish prisoners..
Because Auschwitz was in part a labour camp, survival was possible for a limited number of inmates. Almost no-one survived the pure extermination camps such as Treblinka, Belzec, (436,000 dead), Majdanek (300,000) or Sobib.(260,000.)
The total number of those killed in the seven extermination camps was at least 3.2 million and possibly 3.8 million. These camps thus accounted for about half the total number of Jews killed in the entire Nazi Holocaust. Virtually the whole Jewish population of Poland died there. To them were added Jews from Germany and Austria, from the Czech and Slovak lands, from France and Belgium and the Netherlands, from Greece and Italy, Romania and Serbia. Finally, in late 1944, 400,000 Hungarian Jews were sent to Auschwitz following the German occupation of Hungary. In addition, in the occupied Soviet Union, more than 1 million Jews were killed on the spot by the Einsatzgruppen, the Ss's roving killing squads, often assisted by local collaborators.


Could this happen again?
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